Electric mobility

Norway is leading the energy transition and electrification of transport, due to early and fertile policies enacted and sustained by Norwegian governments last 15 years. 

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Foto: Norsk Elbilforening

Climate strategy 

Norway’s ambition is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with 40% within 2030 (compared to 1990 levels) and to be carbon neutral in 2050. This is adopted by Norwegian law in the Climate policy. Transport, including maritime transport, accounts for a large part of Norway's greenhouse gas emissions and thus plays an important role in reaching Norway’s climate goals. The Climate strategy for transport in National Transport Plan aims for a 50 % reduction of emissions from transport by 2030.  

Goals related to introduction of low- and zero-emissions technology entails: 

  • After 2025, new private cars, city buses and light vans are to be zero-emission vehicles 

  • By 2030, new heavy vans, 75 % of new long-distance buses, and 50 % of new lorries are to be zero-emission vehicles 

  • By 2030, goods distribution in major urban centers are to be almost emission free 

  • New ferries and speed boats are to run on biofuels, low or zero-emission technology 

  • By 2025, shore side electrical power and charging power are to be available for ships in major ports 

  • By 2030, 40% of all ships in local shipping are to run on biofuels or be low-/zero emission vessels 

Incentives 

To reach these goals, the government uses at set of incentives: taxes and regulations, funding of R&D, demonstration etc.  As an example, zero-emission cars have several benefits in Norway to promote a green shift: tax exemptions, facilitation (parking etc.), access to public transport lanes and low rates at toll rings.  

In 2017 more than 20 per cent of all new passenger cars sold in Norway are zero-emission electric cars (and almost 40 per cent if chargeable hybrids are included). Electric and hybrid cars have in the space of just a few years become real alternatives in the passenger car market. By financial support to the development of a nationwide battery charging infrastructure Enova has accelerated the market up take of electric cars. Enova also has a program for financial support to the development of hydrogen filling infrastructure in the largest cities in Norway. 

Why Norway? 

  • Big and mature for electric transport 

  • An obvious place to develop and test new solutions 

  • Political will and financial support 

  • Abundance of 100% renewable energy 

  • Industrial expertise within light-weight materials, renewable energy and car-part manufacturing 

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