Energy & Cleantech
A World Leader in Sustainable Energy
Norway´s electricity generation is 97% renewable and the Norwegian Government has set ambitious targets for even more sustainable energy use. By 2020 Norway aims to reduce emissions of greenhouses gases by 30 percent. Several measures including electrification of the transport sector will bring the renewable share of total primary energy consumption to 67.5 percent, the highest renewable share in Europe.
The Norwegian renewable energy sector comprises approx. 2 000 companies, 50 000 employees, and a revenue of 200 billion NOK (2010). Nearly all electric energy generated in Norway derives from hydroelectric power. Norway currently produces 140 TWh of electricity, and aims to increase the renewable power production by an additional 13.2 TWh by 2020.
Wind and Solar
Norway has vast wind energy resources both onshore and offshore. So far only 632 MW of wind power has been installed (2012) – almost exclusively on land. The world’s first floating wind turbine has been in operation ten kilometers off the coast since 2009, with a capacity of 2.3 MW. Norway is utilizing the knowledge and experience from offshore oilfield and maritime operations for future offshore wind power development.
The solar energy sector has seen considerable growth over the last 20 years and Norway was Solar PV pioneer. Although domestic wafer production has declied in recent years Norway is still a major producer of solar grade silicon ingots and high grade wafers.
Hydrogen, Electric Mobility and Grid Energy Storage
Norway has been producing hydrogen for 90 years. With abundant renewable power and the highest penetration of electricity mobility in the world, Norway holds several initiatives in developing hydrogen value chains for transportation and grid storage. More informaton is available at the Norwegian Hydrogen Forum, see link below.
The World´s largest CCS facilities
At Technology Center Mongstad, Norway has built the world largest test center for carbon capture, and companies from around the world are welcome to test their technologies here. Since 1996, Norway has used the Sleipner offshore natural gas field for CO2 storage.
The means to achieve Norway’s ambitious targets are an optimum mix of technology development, initiatives to improve energy efficiency, and new services. In addition, substantial investments are required. Government regulations, investment incentives and demanding public sector customers are means to precipitate the desired implementation of sustainable solutions.
Competence base and clusters
Norway has a solid base of expertise in renewable energy and environmental technology, excellent universities, and strong clusters, science parks and business incubators. Public funding is available for the further development of knowledge and expertise and for testing new technology in pilot or demonstration plants.
11 “Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research” conduct focused and long-term research at a high international level, with the aims of solving specific environmental challenges. Strong regional cluster programs (ARENA and NCE – Norwegian Centres of Expertise) have been established, involving businesses, universities and the public. Clusters have been established for wind, smart grid and smart energy markets, clean water and maritime cleantech.
Areas of business opportunities
- Small hydro power (less than 10 MW)
- Wind; onshore and offshore
- Grid development, including new subsea power connections to the UK and Continental Europe
- Power storage, and balancing power with Continental Europe
- Smart Grid
- Green data centers
- Sustainable buildings
- Sustainable land transportation (Norway is globally leading in the use of electric cars)
- Reduction of emissions and fuel consumption in shipping
- Carbon capture and storage; the world’s largest test center for CCS is located outside Bergen
- Energy efficiency in energy intensive industry (metallurgical, pulp & paper)
- Solar power, upstream production
- Recycling and waste-to-energy
- Green services
Regional clusters within Energy and Environment: