The Norwegian manufacturing industries employs about 240 000 people or 9% of the total employment. There has been a rise in employment and value creation since 2005, mainly due to high investment activity in the petroleum business and more export due to favorable currency. The total revenue was 753 billion NOK in 2014. The main manufacturing industry sectors are:
Food and beverage
The Norwegian food and beverage industry consists of 2 300 enterprises and 48 000 employees, and is located all over the country. Known global brands as Coca-Cola, Nestlè, Mondelès International have their own factories and Norwegian brands. Norwegian brands in food and beverage are dominating in the 3 main retail chains. The industry has high degree of automatisation and high productivity. Most of the raw materials come from domestic agriculture and fishery/aquaculture.
Production of machinery
This is a worldwide leading sector for machinery to for ships and offshore installations, as engines, turbines, pumps, propulsion, drilling equipment, lifts and cranes. New green products as garbage sorting equipment is increasing their global market shares. Parts of advanced materials and composites are increasing their markets. Machinery produced in Norway are installed in ocean vessels and offshore oil production all over the world. The industry are in the forefront with innovative technologies for the reduction of fossil fuel consumption, use of LNG, reduction of climate emissions as CO2, SOx and NOx, hybrid and electric propulsion, cleaning of water and sewage.
Metallurgical industry, pulp and paper, fertilizers, chemicals and pharmaceutical industry stands for half of the export from Norway (not including oil and gas). The use of low cost hydropower as electric energy source has a more than 100 years history in Norway. World class companies, research institutions and universities are developing the industry for the future, using biocarbon and hydrogen instead of coke and coal. The industry has been in forefront in developing solar grade silicon and process equipment for the metallurgical and solar industry. Advanced high value products has been developed from the side streams of the main production, utilizing all the raw materials. Most of the process industry is today owned by global companies, and many of these have located their research and development centers in Norway.
Aluminum finished products
Due to the Norway’s position in primary aluminum production, manufacturing capacity of aluminum finished products have been developed to be in the international forefront. Aluminum parts production for automotive, extruded products for construction, and parts in consumer products are increasing their worldwide market share.
- 100 years of process industry experience
- Renewable hydropower at attractive costs
- Strong universities and research institutions
- Innovative climate (the Nordic labor market model)
- High degree of automatisation and high productivity
- World class clusters
- International leading enterprises and brands
Food and beverage: NIBIO Report
Machinery: Blue Maritime Cluster Norway
Process: The Eyde Network
Industry park: Herøya industripark
Al products: NCE Raufoss