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  • Marine: Vietnam a leading country for aquaculture production

    Vietnam provides numerous opportunities for growth in aquaculture production.

    The marine sector in vietnam
    Total seafood production in 2017 was 7.3 million tons, in which catching accounted for 3.4 million tons and aquaculture 3.9 million tons.

    Key captured species include mackerel, tuna, squid, octopus, cephalopods, mollusks and crabs.

    The dominant aquaculture in Vietnam today is mainly conducted in fresh water for catfish and shrimp. Vietnam is the World's No. 1 Pangasius producer (1.2 million tons) and World’s No. 3 Shrimp producer (0.6 million tons). The country also produces around 0.2 million tons Tilapia.

    The marine aquaculture sector is characterized by small scale family-owned business and lack of modern technologies. However, some farmers have started to establish modern aquaculture farms with Norwegian cages. The main species include Pompano, Snapper, Barramundi, Grouper and Cobia.

    The processing industry is fairly developed with over 560 seafood processing plants, 70% of which are qualified for exporting to EU. Ratio of value-added products is 45%. The industry is very export-oriented and exports to more than 160 markets. There has been a trend that seafood processors are involved in the whole value chain, from aquaculture to feeds, processing and exports.

    Vietnam's development strategy to 2025 is to industrialize and modernize its marine aquaculture sector in a sustainable manner. The Vietnamese Government has selected Norway as one of four primary partners for developing their marine aquaculture industry.

    Opportunities in fisheries
    Fisheries are characterized by 110 000 small fishing vessels, whereof 28 000 are defined as offshore fishing vessels. The vessels have mainly no fixed equipment except one hydraulic winch, and no proper on-board systems for handling/cooling the catch.

    Fishing gear includes purse sein, floating nets longlines and trawls. Trawling is prohibited from 2019.

    Modernization programs are under planning and might provide business opportunities including:
     - Design of modern fishing vessels
     - Supply modern offshore fishing vessels with suitable technologies and proper on-board handling systems.
     - Possibilities for establishing local production.

    Opportunities in aquaculture
     - Cooperation for sea farming development in Vietnam (in the whole value chain).
     - Capacity building and technology transfer in disease prevention, high quality feed and breeding.
     - Water and waste water treatment technologies for freshwater farming.

    Opportunities in processing
     - By-products processing, development and production, including fish meal, fish oil, ingredients and pet food.
     - Processing equipment and technologies
     - Water and waste water treatment technologies for the processing industry.
     - Refrigeration/cooling/automated processing systems with possibilities for local production.
     - Improvement of quality, logistics chains and traceability.

    Potential business partners
     - Big seafood processing companies and exporters.
     - Equipment suppliers
     - Shipyards
     - Fishing ports
     - Mechanical manufacturing industry for local production

    The most interesting exhibition in Vietnam is VIETFISH, a yearly event on both seafood and marine sectors.

    Innovation Norway Hanoi can assist you in realizing your ambitions if you want to seize opportunities within the marine sector in Vietnam.

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    Den Norske ambassaden i Hanoi

    Vietnam er et attraktivt marked i Øst-Asia grunnet politisk stabilitet, geografisk plassering og demografi. Markedsmulighetene i dag er primært innen akvakultur, sjømatprosessering, ingrediensindustri, «functional food», fiskeri og ny & fornybar energi; det er også muligheter innen olje og gass, maritim og IKT. Utviklingen innen «smarte byer» og helsesektoren vil i løpet av få år også gi store markedsmuligheter.

    Landet har hatt en sterk økonomisk vekst grunnet økonomisk reform og en voksende populasjon på 96 millioner. Middelklassen har vokst sterkest i sentrale områder rundt de store byene og gir gode framtidsutsikter for konsumentmarkedet i landet. BNP økningen har vært gjennomsnittlig 6,5 % de siste 20 årene, og er nå 6,9 %. De siste årene har Vietnam utviklet seg til å bli en viktig produksjonsnasjon relatert til elektronikk, tekstiler og sko og mekanisk produksjon. Grunnet ca. 40 % lavere lønnsnivå enn Kina, er landet stadig mer interessant for utenlandske investeringer og har i 2018 registrert mer enn 30 milliarder USD i FDI.

    Vietnam har hatt en svak bedring i landets korrupsjonsnivå på Transparency Internationals korrupsjonsindeks. Det er fortsatt sikrere og enklere å inngå kontrakter med private selskaper enn statseide selskaper og myndigheter, ikke minst for å redusere mulighetene for korrupsjon.

    Innovasjon Norge anbefaler bedrifter å sette seg inn i håndboken i antikorrupsjon "Beskytt din virksomhet" og utvikle egnede interne etiske retningslinjer og antikorrupsjonsprogram.